Al-Khulafa Ur Rashidun Part 1 >> Uthman (RA)

The six-member committee appointed by Umar Al-Faruq, after long deliberations and consultation, elected Uthman, the son of Affan, as the third Khalifah of Islam.
Uthman was born six years after the Prophet and he belonged to the Umayyah tribe of the Quraish. He was a cloth merchant and was very rich. He was known as Al-Ghani (the rich).
He had accepted Islam on Abu Bakr’s invitation and migrated to Abyssinia with his wife Ruqaiyyah (the Prophet’s daughter). He acted as the Prophet’s envoy during the Hudaibiyah agreement.
His state policy can be understood from his letter to the officers of the Islamic army. He wrote:
“You are the protectors of Islam from the onslaughts of the enemies. “Umar had issued some regulations which are known to me. In fact, they were drafted in consultation with me.
Beware! I do not want to have reports from anyone of any transgression by you. If you do so, you will be replaced by someone better. You should always be mindful of your conduct. I will watch over whatever Allah has entrusted to my care.”
He once spoke to the Tax Collectors with these words :
Allah has created everything with fairness and justice. He accepts only what is right and just. Give what is right and take what is right. Trust produces trust. Follow it strictly and do not be one of these who fail to discharge it. Faithfulness begets faithfulness. Do not oppress the orphans and those with whom you have covenanted. Allah will punish those who will do so.”
Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas was the Governor of Kufa in Iraq. Uthman dismissed him for non-payment of a state loan. He was succeeded by Mughirah.
During the Cliphate of Uthman, the rebellion in Adharbaijan and Armernia was quelled. Mu’awiyah, Governor of Syria, with the help of Abi Sarah, the Governor of Egypt, made a naval attack on Cyprus and brought it under Islamic rule. Vast areas of North Africa including Tripoli, Tunisia and Morocca were brought under Islamic rule during the Khilafah of Uthman.
The Romans, although defeated several times by the Muslim army in the past, made another attempt during the Khilafah of Uthman to recapture the territories they had lost.
Constantine, then Emperor of Rome, made great preparations and attacked Alexandria with a naval fleet five to six thousand strong. But, the Romans were decisively defeated by the new Muslim naval force under the command of Abi Sarah and Mu’awiyah.
During the last six years of his Khilafah, Uthman faced internal dissension and trouble took the shape of evil war which eventually led to him being killed by an unruly and angry mob.
Uthman’s Khilafah lasted twelve years. He was murdered by rioters on Friday, 17 Dhu’l Hijjah in 35 AH (656 CE).
Uthman was a simple and very kind-hearted man. His simplicity and kindness did not allow him to take strong action against the trouble-makers and rioters. Above all, because of his simple mindedness, the administration was not as disciplined as it had been during Umar’s time.
Uthman was a generous man. He used to spend a lot of money for Islam and to free slaves. He was a great pious man who feared and loved Allah above everything else.

Added: Dec-30-2015
Editor: user2
Views: 334
Category: Al-Khulafa Ur Rashidun Part 1
Title: Uthman (RA)
Author: article_author1
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