Life of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) >> Emigration (Hijrah) to Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

The infidels, frustrated in their attempts to make a compromise with the Prophet, increased the levels of their persecution. The threat to life and property intensified. The poor Muslims were particularly insecure and vulnerable. Muhammad (pbuh) advised those Muslims who felt thus to immigrate to Abyssinia where the Negus (Najjashi), a noble king, ruled. Eighty-three Muslims, not counting children, immigrated to Abyssinia in groups. The first group was ten people. This was the first emigration (Hijrah) of Muslims who had to leave their country for the sake of Allah.

Efforts to get the emigrants back
A delegation of the Quraish consisting of Amr Ibnul As and Abdullah Ibn Abu Rabi’ah went to the Negus and tried to get the emigrant Muslims back.
They bribed the courtiers of the Negus and made accusations against the Muslims to succeed in their mission. They alleged that the emigrants were apostates and followers of a new religion which no-one had heard before. The Negus wanted to know the whole matter and called for the Muslims. He asked, “What is the new religion you follow which caused you to leave your country?
Ja’fsr bin Abi Talib answered on behalf of the Muslims, “O king, we were in a state of ignorance and immorality, worshipping stones and idols, eating dead animals, committing all sorts of injustice, breaking natural ties, treating guest badly and the strong among us exploited the weak.
Then Allah sent us a prophet, one of our own people, whose lineage, truthfulness, trustworthiness and honesty were well known to us. He called us to worship Allah alone and renounce the stones, the idols which we and our ancestors used to worship. He commanded us to speak the truth, to honor our promises, to be helpful to our relations, to be good to our neighbors, to abstain from bloodshed, to avoid fornication. He commanded us not to give false witness, not to appropriate an orphan’s property or falsely accuse to married woman. He ordered us not to associate anyone with Allah.
He commanded us to hold prayers, to fast, top pay Zakah. We believed in him and what he brought to us from Allah, and we follow him in what he asked us to do and forbade us not to do.
Thereupon, our people attacked us, treated us harshly and tried to take us back to the old immorality and worship of idols. They made life intolerable for us in Makkah, and we came to your country to seek protection to live in justice and peace.
Hearing this, the Negus wanted to listen to part of the Qur’an which came down from Allah to the Prophet.
Ja’far recited to him Surah Maryam (Mary), the 19th Surah of the Qur’an. The Negus wept until his beard was wet, listening to the Qur’an. Then he said, “What you have just recited and that which was revealed to Moses must have both issued from the source. Go forth into kingdom; I shall not deport you at all.”
Thus the spiteful efforts of the pagans against the Muslims were doomed to failure one again.

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Dec-30-2015
Editor: user2
Views: 304
Category: Life of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
Title: Emigration (Hijrah) to Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
Author: article_author1
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