Shariah (Islamic Law) >> Duties of a Women in Islam

Islam is a fair and balanced system of life. While it specifies the rights of women it also lays down duties. A Muslim woman is expected to observe the following:

1. Belief in Tawhid and the practice of Islam come first. A Muslim woman must perform her Salah, observe Sawm, pay Zakah on her own wealth (if it is applicable) and go on Hajj if she can afford it. She is exempted from Salah and can defer Sawm during her period, but she must make up the days lost afterwards. Friday prayer (Jumu'ah) is optional for women.
2. She is required to maintain her chastity all the time she must not have any extra-marital relationships. The same is the case with men.
3. It is her duty to bring up children according to the needs of Islam. She has to look after the family and has almost absolute control over domestic affair, although the family is run by mutual consultation and co-operation. She is the queen of the family and in charge of domestic life.
4. She should dress modestly and should put on Hijab (covering cloak) while going out and meeting adult males beyond her close relatives (33:59, 24:30-31). She should not wear men's clothing
5. She is her husband's help-mate. A faithful wife is like a garment, a source of peace, happiness and contentment for her husband (30:21, 2:187)
6. If she is asked to go against the commands of Allah, she must defy even her husband, father or brother.
7. She is expected to protect her husband's property and belongings in his absence.
Islam views a husband and wife as complementary to each other. Neither dominates the other. Each his or her own individual rights and duties - together they form a peaceful and happy family which is the basis for a sound and prosperous society.
Man and women are not exactly equal in Islam. They have different physical and biological features. Islam recognizes the leadership of a man over a woman (4:34, 2:228) but that does not mean domination.
An average man is stronger, heavier, harder in muscles and taller than an average women. Women can become pregnant and bear children but men cannot. Women tend to be sensitive, emotional and tender while men are comparatively less emotional and more practical.
Throughout history, men and women have never been treated the same. Islam has given women the right position and not attempted to violate divine laws. Other religions and philosophies have been unable to visualize the exact and right role of women. In the West, women have been reduced almost to a commodity of enjoyment and fancy. Women have tended to degrade themselves unwittingly in modern times for, in the name of equality, they have became the objects of exploitation by men and the slogans of liberty and equality have virtually reduced them to playful commodities. They have neither gained liberty nor achieved equality; rather they have lost their natural place in the home.


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Category: Shariah (Islamic Law)
Title: Duties of a Women in Islam
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