Shariah (Islamic Law) >> The Sunnah of the Prophet

The word sunnah means a system, a path or an example. In Islam it refers to the practice of the prophet, his life example. I t is embodied in the Ahadith (plural of Hadith) which are the Prophet's sayings, actions and the actions done with his approval. Ahadith have been very carefully collected and compiled since the death of the Prophet. Six collections of Hadith are regarded as the most authentic. They are :

1. Sahih Al-Bukari (Collected and compiled ny Muhammad bin Ism'il, known as Imam Bukhari, born 194 AH, deid 256 AH).
2. Sahih Muslim (Muslim bin al-Hajjaj, known as Imam Muslim, born 202 AH, DIED 261 AH).
3. Sunan Abu Dawud (Sulaiman bin Ash'ath, known as Abu Dawud, born 202 AH, died 275 AH).
4. Sunan Ibn Majah (Muhammad bin Yazid, born 209 AH, died 273 AH).
5. Jami At-Tirmidhi (Muhammad bin Isa, date of birth not known died 279 AH).
6. Sunan An-Nasa'i (Ahmad bin Shu'aib, born 215 AH, died 303 AH).
In addition to this, the Muwatta of Imam Malik (born 93 AH, died 179 AH), Mishkat Al-Masabih of Abu Muhammad al- al-Husain bin Mas'ud (died 516 AH) and Musnad of Ahmad bin Hanbal (born 164 AH, died 241 AH) are also well known.
Fiqh is the science of Islamic law or jurisprudence. It refers to the collection and compilation of Islamic laws based on the Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Prophet. The word Fiqh means knowledge and understanding.
Some greate Muslims devoted themselves to the task of developing the science of understanding Islamic law and its practice. The four best known compilers of Islamic law or Shari'ah are:
1. Abu Hanifah Nuh man bin Thabit, Known as Imam Abu Hanifah (born 80 AH, died 150 AH).
2. Malik bin Anas, known as Imam Malik (93-179 AH).
3. Muhammad bin Hanbal Idris Al-Shafu, Known as Imam Shafi'i (150-240 AH).
4. Ahmad bin Hanbal, known as Imam Ibn Hanbal (164-241 AH).
Islamic law divides human activities into: (1) Fard or wajib (duty or obligatory) - performance of these actions is rewarded and their omission is punished. (2) Man-dub (recommended) - actions the performance of which is rewarded but omission of which is not punished. (3) Mubah (silent)- actions permitted by silence.(4) Makruh (disliked) - actions disapproved of but not punishable. (5) Haram (forbidden) - actions punishable by law.
The scholars and experts on Islamic Law have made Shari'ah easier to understand and practice by the science of Fiqh. Fiqh is the explanation of the Islamic laws based on the Qur'an and the Sunnah.
Islamic law or Shari'ah embodies the ideal Islamic life. Islam is the complete was of life and Shari'ah is the means to arrive at the ideal life recommended by Islam. Shari'ah enables us to bring our life in line with the will of Allah. It is the process of achieving our goal of life.


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Category: Shariah (Islamic Law)
Title: The Sunnah of the Prophet
Author: article_author1
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